MongoDB: Recover Data after an Unexpected Shutdown in Ubuntu

If you try to run mongod but it fails to start and have this error in the log file (/var/log/mongodb/mongodb.log) you’ll have to repair your db.

Unclean shutdown detected.
Please visit for recovery instructions.
Thu Dec  5 14:42:47.209 [initandlisten] exception in initAndListen: 12596 old lock file, terminating
Thu Dec  5 14:42:47.209 dbexit: 
Thu Dec  5 14:42:47.209 [initandlisten] shutdown: going to close listening sockets...
Thu Dec  5 14:42:47.209 [initandlisten] shutdown: going to flush diaglog...
Thu Dec  5 14:42:47.209 [initandlisten] shutdown: going to close sockets...
Thu Dec  5 14:42:47.209 [initandlisten] shutdown: waiting for fs preallocator...
Thu Dec  5 14:42:47.209 [initandlisten] shutdown: closing all files...
Thu Dec  5 14:42:47.209 [initandlisten] closeAllFiles() finished
Thu Dec  5 14:42:47.209 dbexit: really exiting now

Note: MongoDBs data files are usually located at /data/db but in my Ubuntu installation they where in /var/lib/mongodb.


Repair preserving data:

sudo mkdir /var/lib/mongodb0
sudo mongod --dbpath /var/lib/mongodb --repair --repairpath /var/lib/mongodb0
sudo mongod --dbpath /var/lib/mongodb0

Now that the server is up with a repaired version (/var/lib/mongodb0) of your original data (from /var/lib/mongodb) use mongo client to verify that everything is OK. In that case replace /var/lib/mongodb with /var/lib/mongodb0.

sudo rm -rf /var/lib/mongodb
sudo mv /var/lib/mongodb0 /var/lib/mongodb
sudo chown -R mongodb:mongodb /var/lib/mongodb

Repair without preserving data:

sudo rm /var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock
sudo mongod --dbpath /var/lib/mongodb --repair

When this completes, the repaired data files will replace the original data files in the /var/lib/mongodb directory.


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